Statistics - Child Sexual Abuse 
 
Who Are The Victims?
 
  • One in three girls and one in six boys are sexually abused before the age of 18

  • 1 in 6 boys is sexually abused before the age of 18.

  • One in 5 youth received a sexual approach or solicitation over the Internet in the past year.

  • The average age for first abuse is 9.9 years for boys and 9.6 years for girls. 

  • Abuse typically occurs within a long-term, on-going relationship between the offender and victim, escalates over time and lasts an average of four years.

  • Many child sexual abuse victims never disclose their abuse to anyone. Less than 10% of child sexual abuse is reported to the police.

  • Children are most vulnerable between ages 8 -12.

  • 29% of all forcible rapes occurred when the victim was under 11 years old. 

  • 15% of sexual assault and rape victims are under the age of 12.

  • 44% of sexual assault and rape victims are under age 18.

  • Children with disabilities are 4 to 10 times more vulnerable to sexual abuse than their non-disabled peers.

  • Nearly 30% of child sexual assault victims identified by child protective service agencies were between 4 and 7 years of age.

  • 93% of juvenile sexual assault victims know their attacker, 34.2% of attackers were family members and 58.7% were acquaintances and only 7% of the perpetrators were strangers to the victim.

  • Nearly 50 % of all the victims of forcible sodomy, sexual assault with an object, and forcible fondling are children under the age of 12. 

  • 60% of girls who had sex before the age of 15 were coerced by males averaging 6 years their senior.

  • Women who experienced sexual abuse as a child are 2 to 3 times more likely to be sexually assaulted later in life. 

  • Like rape, child molestation is one of the most underreported crimes: only 1-10% are ever   disclosed. Source: FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin.

  • Fabricated sexual abuse reports constitute only 1% to 4% of all reported cases. Of these reports 75% are reported by adults. Children fabricate sexual abuse less than 1% of the time. 

  • IT IS ESTIMATED THAT THERE ARE 60 MILLION SURVIVORS OF CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE IN AMERICA TODAY.

 

What Are The Effects Of Child Sexual Abuse?

 

  • The experience of sexual abuse for a child distorts her or his self-concept, orientation to the world and affective capabilities. 

  • High rates of depression, anxiety, substance abuse, dissociative disorders, interpersonal dysfunction, sexual problems and suicidal ideation have all been identified to varying degrees among men and women who survive child sexual abuse. 

  • Child sexual assault victims are 4.7 times more likely to be the subsequent victim of a sex crime.

  • Adolescents with a history of sexual abuse are significantly more likely to engage in sexual behavior that puts them at risk for HIV infection. 

  • A 1996 report from the US Department of Justice estimated rape and sexual abuse of children to cost $1.5 billion in medical expenses and $23 billion total annually to US victims. 

  • When sexually abused children are not treated, society must later deal with resulting problems such as mental health issues, drug and alcohol abuse, crime, suicide and the perpetuation of a cycle of sexual abuse.   

 
References

Arata, C. (2002) Child Sexual Abuse and Sexual Revictimization. Clinical Psychology, 9: 135-164.

Child Sexual Abuse: A Mental Health Issue. Kentucky Division of Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
Darkness 2 Light. Statistics Surrounding Child Sexual Abuse.
David Finkelhor et al, A Sourcebook on Child Sexual Abuse, Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 1986
David Finkelhor, Gerard Hotaling and Kerti Yllo, Stopping Family Violence: Research Priorities in the Coming Decade. Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 1988.
David Finkelhor, Kimberly J. Mitchell, and Janis Wolak, 2000, Online Victimization: A Report on the Nation’s Youth, National Center for Missing & Exploited Children: Arlington, VA.
Hopper, J. (1998). Child Sexual Abuse: Statistics, Research, Resources. Boston, MA Boston University School of Medicine.
Jon R. Conte, A Look At Child Sexual Abuse, National Committee for Prevention of Child Abuse, 1986
Kilpatrick, D.G., Edmunds, C.N. and Seymour A. Rape in America: A Report to the Nation. Arlington, VA., National Victim Center, 1992.
Larry K. Brown, M.D., et al, American Journal of Psychiatry.
Merrill, L.L., Newell, C.E., Gold, S.R., and Millen, J.S. Childhood Abuse and Sexual Revictimization in a Female Navy Recruit Sample. Naval Health Research Center, Pub. 97-5, 1997.
NationalResource Center on Child Sexual Abuse, 1992.
Rape, Abuse and Incest Network (RAINN) http://www.rainn.org/get-information/statistics/sexual-assault-victims
Russell, Diana E.H. “The incidence and Prevalence of Interfamilial and Extrafamilial Sexual Abuse of Female Children,” in Handbook on Sexual Abuse of Children, edited by Lenore E.A. Walker. Springer Publishing Co., 1988.
Simpson, C., Odor, R., & Masho, S. (2004 August). Childhood Sexual Assault Victimization in Virginia. Center for Injury & Violence Prevention. Virginia Department of Health., Snyder, H N. (2000). Sexual assault of young children as reported to law enforcement: Victim, incident, and offender characteristics . National Center for Juvenile Justice, U.S. Department of Justice.
T. R. Miller, M. A. Cohen, B. Wiersema, Victim costs and consequences: A new look.  (US Department of Justice, Washington, DC., 1996) .
The Alan Guttmacher Institute. “Sex and American Teenagers.”1 994
The National Resource Center on Child Sexual Abuse, "The Incidence and Prevalence of Child Sexual Abuse," Hunstsville: NRCCSA, 1994
U.S.Department of Health and Human Services, 2000.
U.S.Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families, Child Maltreatment, 1995.
US Department of Justice Sex Offense and Offenders Study. 1997.